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Module: XML Sitemap

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I missed the XML sitemap generator that I used in a previous CMS so I built my own module to achieve the same functionality.

This module outputs an XML sitemap of your site that is readable by Google Webmaster Tools etc. I've generally found that it reduces the time it takes for new sites and pages to be listed in search engines using one in combination with Webmaster Tools etc (since you're specifically telling the service that a new site/new pages exist) so thought I may as well create a module for it.

The module ignores any hidden pages and their children, assuming that since you don't want these to be visible on the site then you don't want them to be found via search engines either.

It also adds a field called sitemap_ignore that you can add to your templates and exclude specific pages on a per-page basis. Again, this assumes that you wish to ignore that page's children as well.

The sitemap is accessible at yoursite.com/sitemap.xml - the module checks to see whether this URL has been called and outputs the sitemap, then does a hard exit before PW gets a chance to output a 404 page. If there's a more elegant way of doing this I'll happily change the code to suit.

Feedback and suggestions welcome :)

On a slightly different note, I wanted to call the file XMLSitemap originally so as to be clearer about what it does in the filename, but if you have a module that begins with more than one uppercase letter then a warning containing only the module name is displayed on the Modules page, so I changed it to Sitemap instead which is fine as the description still says what it does.

File can be downloaded via GitHub here: https://github.com/N.../zipball/master

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Here's a list of services you can submit your sitemap to:

Google Webmaster Tools

Bing Webmaster Tools

There used to be a service for Yahoo called Site Explorer that was similar in functionality to the above two services, but it appears that this has now been replaced with Bing's offering. On the bright side it's one less service to sign up to :)

You can also submit to Ask using the following URL (replacing the relevant part with the full URL to your sitemap):

http://submissions.ask.com/ping?sitemap=http://www.the URL of your sitemap here.xml

Generally I find Google and Bing to be sufficient though, as the other search services seem to trawl their content reasonably quickly and find out about new sites that way sometimes I think.

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It is also recommended to add the following to your robots.txt file (create one if you don't have one):

Sitemap: http://www.your-domain.com/sitemap.xml

This allows search engines to find your sitemap.xml, even if you didn't submit it to that specific search engine.

Regarding this module, until now I've always used a sitemap.xml template. When I created that one I used the regular sitemap page as an example.

But I will certainly try this module sooner or later.  :)

/Jasper

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That's actually how I began this module - as a separate template - but then I thought it would be quicker as a module and then there's no need for an actual page or any templates and it's all in one file.

Plus I really wanted to have that optional sitemap_ignore field that I'd used in the previous CMS I worked with.

I'm glad I did start creating it as a template and page though, else I'd have had more hassle working out why it wasn't outputting XML (I needed to specify that XML was being outputted by using a PHP header).

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Pete, nice job with this module, it looks very well put together and provides a helpful function. I like the simplicity of it being a module and how easy that makes installation. But there are a couple potential issues with this approach I wanted to mention.

First is that it's taking the place of the 404 page and a 404 header is getting sent before the sitemap.xml output is displayed. This will probably be an issue for any search engines that hit it. You can avoid this by moving everything from your generateSitemap() function into your init() function. You don't need to use any hooks. Of course, you won't have a $page to check at the init() stage, but I don't think you need it–just get rid of the $page->template != 'admin' check... your strpos() below it is likely just as fast.

Next concern is scalability. Generating this sitemap could be a slow thing on a large site. Anything that's slow to generate can be a DDOS hole. Because it's in a module, you can't as easily cache the output with a template setting. However, you could use the MarkupCache module to perform your own caching, and that's something I'd probably recommend here.

Last thing is that I'd suggest renaming the module since it falls in the Markup group of modules. Perhaps the name MarkupSitemapXML?

Other than that, I think it looks great.

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Thanks ryan - I was a bit worried about the 404 so this is a good solution and something I'll definitely bear in mind for future modules. I enjoy writing these modules as every one teaches me something new about how PW works behind the scenes.

I've implemented your suggestions and replaced the file in the first post with the modified version with the new name (if anyone has this installed already, simply uninstall the old module, delete the module file and install the new one).

I also implemented caching as you suggested and cached it for an hour (for most sites a day or more would probably be fine, but if you're writing articles or running a blog you want search engines to index your content as soon as possible so that seemed like a good period to set it at thoguh I've no idea how often search engines actually check a sitemap).

I agree that there are quite a few potential issues on larger sites and not just because of the sitemap's size. Google doesn't always index everything on larger sites, and I was just reading about how someone tested this by telling Google that things like news posts and forum posts (individual posts, not threads) should on;y be indexed once as they're unlikely to ever change. This apparently frees up the search engine crawlers to check the new content rather than go over the same content each visit.

I can see a few places that this would be useful in PW - for example a news section would only need each article to be indexed once (if you ever went back and edited a page, I believe the last modified date would force a re-index) and various other similar examples.

There's a good list of tags for sitemaps here: http://support.google.com/webmasters/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=183668 and the tag to use would be <changefreq> , however that could get a bit tiresome if you had to have it on every page. A potential solution for a future version of this module would be to have such a field and simply have all child pages inherit the parent value if they don't have one set themselves.

Another option as a possible alternative to caching would be to run the module once on the first time the page is called, then only re-generate the sitemap once a page is edited/created/deleted as those are the only three times a change to the sitemap would technically be required.

I'll leave it as it is for now though.

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I forgot to ask - is there a better way of having a module run when an admin-only page is loaded other than this:

<?php
if ($page->template != 'admin') {
 // Do stuff
}
?>

It's no longer relevant for this module as it now runs before the page data is available, but when I had it in the first version I gave myself a pat on the back for figuring I could check for the admin template like this. I can see how such a check would be good for other modules though so just wondering if there's a better way for checking if we're in the admin.

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You also could use a Sitemap Index (<sitemapindex>) which allows you to have multiple sitemaps per site.

This allows you to break your sitemap up into several smaller sitemaps. You could even have different cache times per branch, eg. 5 minutes for the news section and 1 day for the other pages.

/Jasper

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Very good point - I'd completely forgotten about that!

One of the forum applications I use has this though I'm quite far behind on the versions. I believe they had one for forums, one for posts, one for calendars etc. It would have made more sense for them to split up posts by forum though as it gets a bit silly if it tries to put a million posts in one file (I don't have that problem fortunately ;)).

So thinking about this a bit more, it would make sense to have some template settings for this module too in a future version and specify cache times and re-index periods for all pages there. It could then create separate sitemaps on a per-template basis as you say. I think that would cover most eventualities there.

My only gripe would be that caching per-template wouldn't help if you were running a large blog/news site as one main template would apply to most of the content. Perhaps splitting it per year, or simply having it split the sitemap at X thousand pages if you have a huge amount of articles? I think per-year sitemaps for larger article sections would be best thinking about it. Presumably if a page from 2009 is modified and then ends up in the 2012 sitemap it's not a big issue - Google will be told in 2012 sitemap to index it again and it's not like you're going to modify old articles particularly often so I wouldn't see a need in cleaning up the 2009 cached sitemap in this case.

It does look like you can easily have a master sitemap linking to sub-sitemaps though so that part is pretty straightforward at least (and it looks like 50,00 pages per sitemap is the maximum allowed): http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2006/10/multiple-sitemaps-in-same-directory.html

Anyway, this is one for when I next get a few free hours ;)

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Great update, thanks Pete!

What do you think about putting this on GitHub? (whether now or in the future)?

For the cache time, you could always make it configurable with the module if you wanted to. Let me know if I can assist.

I also like your alternative for time based caching, though I'm guessing time based caching is adequate for most. But if you want to pursue that alternative, you'd use the CacheFile class directly and have a Pages::save hook clear the cache file (or maybe just Pages::added and Pages::deleted hooks).

I wasn't aware of the <sitemapindex>, this sounds like a good idea for the large sites. But also sounds like a much more complex module.

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Cheers ryan

Forgot I had a Github account for a sec there. Added, updated the link in the first thread and added it to the growing modules spreadsheet on Google Docs ;)

Yup - I'll probably make the time configurable at some point in the future as it seems like an easy interim update before doing anything more complicated.

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Nice job Pete. It's easier to follow on GitHub just because we can pull in updates automatically without downloading, unzipping, etc. So many great new modules lately. I need to make a lot of additions to the modules directory.

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Mine is throwing an error:

Exception: Unable to create path: /MarkupSitemapXML/ (in /home/theseeke/public_html/wire/core/CacheFile.php line 62)
This error message was shown because you are logged in as a Superuser. Error has been logged.

From a quick read of the relevant modules, it's not apparent to me where it's trying to create that directory.

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It sounds like your site/assets/cache directory might not be writeable (it needs to be in order to be able to cache the sitemap). Hopefully making that writeable (CHMOD 644 probably) will fix that.

The cache folder itself isn't solely related to this module, so I'm sure you would have come across that message sooner or later.

Hope that fixes it for you :)

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It sounds like your site/assets/cache directory might not be writeable (it needs to be in order to be able to cache the sitemap). Hopefully making that writeable (CHMOD 644 probably) will fix that.

The cache folder itself isn't solely related to this module, so I'm sure you would have come across that message sooner or later.

Hope that fixes it for you :)

No such luck - still didn't work. Also tried 755 and 777 on the off chance, and recursed it through that whole tree to be sure.

Incidentally, file uploads and caching of size()'d images are working fine.

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Hmm... that's odd, I'll take a look at the module. Cheers for checking that though.

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Looks like it tries to create /MarkupSitemapXML/ folder in the root. There should be full path to cache folder visible on error msg.

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I worked it out - you have to install the Cache module as well, which is present in the default PW installation, just not installed by default (I already ahd it switched on on my test account!).

That will make it work, but I do need to put some sort of check into my module to make it a bit easier (need to read the posts around here on module dependencies).

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I worked it out - you have to install the Cache module as well, which is present in the default PW installation, just not installed by default (I already ahd it switched on on my test account!).

That will make it work, but I do need to put some sort of check into my module to make it a bit easier (need to read the posts around here on module dependencies).

Still doesn't seem to work, same error msg, damned if I know why?

http://theseekerr.com/sitemap.xml - there it is, if staring at my error provides any sort of motivation.

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Could you try uninstalling both modules and then reinstalling the cache one first and see if that helps please?

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Pete, try adding an extra line to your install function:

wire('modules')->get('MarkupCache'); 

That will just ensure that it's installed ahead of time and should resolve the problem in this particular case.

However, I don't think there is a problem with your code, I think it's actually a bug with the MarkupCache module (or maybe Module installer) because the MarkupCache module is responsible for making sure it's files go into the right place, and clearly it's not doing that. I will locate and fix the issue. I was able to reproduce it here by uninstalling the MarkupCache module and then letting it be installed at the time it's used. That seems to be the only time the issue occurs.

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Found it--it was a bug. Sorry for the inconvenience guys. This is one of those obscure bugs that takes the right set of circumstances to turn up, so these can be difficult to track down. Thanks for finding it. I've just committed the fix to the dev branch, and it should be merged into the stable branch likely tomorrow. Here's the commit message:

[dev c3a8ffe] Dev: fix issue with $modules->get('uninstalled module') where the module's init() wasn't called on an "autoload" module when it was used immediately after it was installed.

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I've tried uninstalling both the Sitemap module and the Cache module, then reinstalling the Cache module before the Sitemap module. I'm still not winning...

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Sorry, I think it's Markup Cache module and not Fieldtype - I forgot to specify which one (the Fieldtype cache module is on by default whereas ModuleCache isn't).

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Sorry, I think it's Markup Cache module and not Fieldtype - I forgot to specify which one (the Fieldtype cache module is on by default whereas ModuleCache isn't).

No dice. The module was already installed, and threw an error about a missing MarkupCache folder when I went to remove it. So I created the folder, and it uninstalled cleanly, deleting that folder. Then I reinstalled the two modules....still no go, and I notice that folder is still missing. I manually created it on the off chance that'd help but that didn't work either.

I'm on the verge of converting your code back to a template, this is getting silly...

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      -------------------------------------------------------------------

      * watermarkLogo

      watermarkLogo($pngAlphaImage, $position='center', $padding=2)
      param: $pngAlphaImage - mixed [systemfilepath or PageImageObject] to/from a PNG with transparency param: $position - (string) is one out of: N, E, S, W, C, NE, SE, SW, NW,
      - or: north, east, south, west, center, northeast, southeast, southwest, northwest
      default is 'center' param: $padding - (integer) 0 - 25, default is 5, padding to the borders in percent of the images length! return: pim - (class handle) You can pass a transparent image with its filename or as a PageImage to the method. If the watermark is bigger than the destination-image, it gets shrinked to fit into the targetimage. If it is a small watermark image you can define the position of it:
      NW - N - NE | | | W - C - E | | | SW - S - SE  
      The easiest and best way I have discovered to apply a big transparency watermark to an image is as follows:
      create a square transparent png image of e.g. 2000 x 2000 px, place your mark into the center with enough (percent) of space to the borders. You can see an example here! The $pngAlphaImage get centered and shrinked to fit into the memory image. No hassle with what width and / or height should I use?, how many space for the borders?, etc.
      -------------------------------------------------------------------

      * watermarkLogoTiled

      watermarkLogoTiled($pngAlphaImage)
      param: $pngAlphaImage - mixed [systemfilepath or PageImageObject] to/from a PNG with transparency return: pim - (class handle) Here you have to pass a tile png with transparency (e.g. something between 150-300 px?) to your bigger images. It got repeated all over the memory image starting at the top left corner.
      -------------------------------------------------------------------

      * watermarkText

      watermarkText($text, $size=10, $position='center', $padding=2, $opacity=50, $trueTypeFont=null)
      param: $text - (string) the text that you want to display on the image param: $size - (integer) 1 - 100, unit = points, good value seems to be around 10 to 15 param: $position - (string) is one out of: N, E, S, W, C, NE, SE, SW, NW,
      - or: north, east, south, west, center, northeast, southeast, southwest, northwest
      default is 'center' param: $padding - (integer) 0 - 25, default is 2, padding to the borders in percent of the images length! param: $opacity- (integer) 1 - 100, default is 50 param: $trueTypeFont - (string) systemfilepath to a TrueTypeFont, default is freesansbold.ttf (is GPL & comes with the module) return: pim - (class handle) Here you can display (dynamic) text with transparency over the memory image. You have to define your text, and optionally size, position, padding, opacity for it. And if you don't like the default font, freesansbold, you have to point to a TrueTypeFont-File of your choice.
      Please have a look to example output: http://processwire.com/talk/topic/4264-release-page-image-manipulator/page-2#entry41989
      -------------------------------------------------------------------





      PageImage Manipulator - Example Output


    • By d'Hinnisdaël
      Format Datetime fields as Carbon instances.
      You can find the latest release and the complete readme on Github.
      Installation
      composer require daun/datetime-carbon-format Usage
      All Datetime fields will now be formatted as Carbon instances instead of strings. Some examples:
      // $page->date is a Datetime field // Output format: j/n/Y echo $page->date; // 20/10/2020 echo $page->date->add('7 days'); // 27/10/2020 echo $page->date->format('l, F j'); // Monday, October 20 echo $page->date->year; // 2020 echo $page->date->diffForHumans(); // 28 minutes ago Frontend only
      The ProcessWire admin seems to expect datetime fields to be strings. This module will only return Carbon instances on frontend page views.
      Date output format
      When casting a Carbon instance to a string (usually when outputting the field in a template), the field's date output format will be respected.
      Links
      GitHub • Readme • Carbon docs
       
       
      PS. I remember reading about a Carbon module in a recent newsletter, but couldn't find it anywhere. Was that you, @bernhard?
    • By MoritzLost
      TrelloWire
      This is a module that allows you to automatically create Trello cards for ProcessWire pages and update them when the pages are updated. This allows you to setup connected workflows. Card properties and change handling behaviour can be customized through the extensive module configuration. Every action the module performs is hookable, so you can modify when and how cards are created as much as you need to. The module also contains an API-component that makes it easy to make requests to the Trello API and build your own connected ProcessWire-Trello workflows.
      Warning: This module requires ProcessWire 3.0.167 which is above the current stable master release at the moment.
      Features
      All the things the module can do for you without any custom code: Create a new card on Trello whenever a page is added or published (you can select applicable templates). Configure the target board, target list, name and description for new cards. Add default labels and checklists to the card. Update the card whenever the page is updated (optional). When the status of the card changes (published / unpublished, hidden / unhidden, trashed / restored or deleted), move the card to a different list or archive or delete it (configurable). You can extend this through hooks in many ways: Modifiy when and how cards are created. Modify the card properties (Target board & list, title, description, et c.) before they are sent to Trello. Create your own workflows by utilizing an API helper class with many convenient utility methods to access the Trello API directly. Feedback & Future Plans
      Let me know what you think! In particular:
      If you find any bugs report them here or on Github, I'll try to fix them. This module was born out of a use-case for a client project where we manage new form submissions through Trello. I'm not sure how many use-cases there are for this module. If you do use it, tell me about it! The Trello API is pretty extensive, I'll try to add some more helper methods to the TrelloWireApi class (let me know if you need anything in particular). I'll think about how the module can support different workflows that include Twig – talk to me if you have a use-case! Next steps could be a dashboard to manage pages that are connected to a Trello card, or a new section in the settings tab to manage the Trello connection. But it depends on whether there is any interest in this 🙂 Links
      Repository on Github Complete module documentation (getting started, configuration & API documentation) TrelloWire in the modules directory Module configuration

    • By David Karich
      ProcessWire InputfieldRepeaterMatrixDuplicate
      Thanks to the great ProModule "RepeaterMatrix" I have the possibility to create complex repeater items. With it I have created a quite powerful page builder. Many different content modules, with many more possible design options. The RepeaterMatrix module supports the cloning of items, but only within the same page. Now I often have the case that very design-intensive pages and items are created. If you want to use a content module on a different page (e.g. in the same design), you have to rebuild each item manually every time.
      This module extends the commercial ProModule "RepeaterMatrix" by the function to duplicate repeater items from one page to another page. The condition is that the target field is the same matrix field from which the item is duplicated. This module is currently understood as proof of concept. There are a few limitations that need to be considered. The intention of the module is that this functionality is integrated into the core of RepeaterMatrix and does not require an extra module.
      Check out the screencast
      What the module can do
      Duplicate multible repeater items from one page to another No matter how complex the item is Full support for file and image fields Multilingual support Support of Min and Max settings Live synchronization of clipboard between multiple browser tabs. Copy an item and simply switch the browser tab to the target page and you will immediately see the past button Support of multiple RepeaterMatrix fields on one page Configurable which roles and fields are excluded Configurable dialogs for copy and paste Duplicated items are automatically pasted to the end of the target field and set to hidden status so that changes are not directly published Automatic clipboard update when other items are picked Automatically removes old clipboard data if it is not pasted within 6 hours Delete clipboard itself by clicking the selected item again Benefit: unbelievably fast workflow and content replication What the module can't do
      Before an item can be duplicated in its current version, the source page must be saved. This means that if you make changes to an item and copy this, the old saved state will be duplicated Dynamic loading is currently not possible. Means no AJAX. When pasting, the target page is saved completely No support for nested repeater items. Currently only first level items can be duplicated. Means a repeater field in a repeater field cannot be duplicated. Workaround: simply duplicate the parent item Dynamic reloading and adding of repeater items cannot be registered. Several interfaces and events from the core are missing. The initialization occurs only once after the page load event Attention, please note!
      Nested repeaters cannot be supported technically. Therefore a check is made to prevent this. However, a nested repeater can only be detected if the field name ends for example with "_repeater1234". For example, if your MatrixRepeater field is named like this: "content_repeater" or "content_repeater123", this field is identified as nested and the module does not load. In version 2.0.1 the identification has been changed so that a field ending with the name repeater is only detected as nested if at least a two-digit number sequence follows. But to avoid this problem completely, make sure that your repeater matrix field does NOT end with the name "repeater".
      Changelog
       
      2.0.1
      Bug fix: Thanks to @ngrmm I could discover a bug which causes that the module cannot be loaded if the MatrixRepeater field ends with the name "repeater". The code was adjusted and information about the problem was provided 2.0.0
      Feature: Copy multiple items at once! The fundament for copying multiple items was created by @Autofahrn - THX! Feature: Optionally you can disable the copy and/or paste dialog Bug fix: A fix suggestion when additional and normal repeater fields are present was contributed by @joshua - THX! 1.0.4
      Bug fix: Various bug fixes and improvements in live synchronization Bug fix: Items are no longer inserted when the normal save button is clicked. Only when the past button is explicitly clicked Feature: Support of multiple repeater fields in one page Feature: Support of repeater Min/Max settings Feature: Configurable roles and fields Enhancement: Improved clipboard management Enhancement: Documentation improvement Enhancement: Corrected few typos #1 1.0.3
      Feature: Live synchronization Enhancement: Load the module only in the backend Enhancement: Documentation improvement 1.0.2
      Bug fix: Various bug fixes and improvements in JS functions Enhancement: Documentation improvement Enhancement: Corrected few typos 1.0.1
      Bug fix: Various bug fixes and improvements in the duplication process 1.0.0
      Initial release Support this module
      If this module is useful for you, I am very thankful for your small donation: Donate 5,- Euro (via PayPal – or an amount of your choice. Thank you!)
      Download this module (Version 2.0.1)
      > Github: https://github.com/FlipZoomMedia/InputfieldRepeaterMatrixDuplicate
      > PW module directory: https://modules.processwire.com/modules/inputfield-repeater-matrix-duplicate/
      > Old stable version (1.0.4): https://github.com/FlipZoomMedia/InputfieldRepeaterMatrixDuplicate/releases/tag/1.0.4
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