Hi everyone, Adrian Jones here this week to give you a rundown on a relatively new module, TracyDebugger. More
This week we've got major upgrades to ProcessWire's selector engine, a great new version of Form Builder, and a few other core updates as well!
Enhancements to dropdown submit buttons
A few weeks ago we introduced dropdown menus that appear for submit buttons, like in the page editor. These let you choose what action you want to perform after the submit, like exiting the editor, adding a new page, etc. There were a few requests for more visual two-part buttons rather than dropdowns that appear after a delay. This is a more familiar UI convention to many, so we have gone ahead and added support for this.
These dropdown submit actions also now have a couple of simple API methods where you can add actions to any InputfieldSubmit button… something that may come in useful for other modules.
Option to collapse PageList tree
Clicking the root "Home" link in your PageList navigation now collapses all open branches in the tree. This has a good use case now that the PageList tree always remembers where you last left it. So if you've got a bunch of open PageList branches that you want to collapse quickly, just click the "Home" item at the top!
The biggest core update this week was to our selector engine, so we'll give that a section of its own…
Selector engine array support
Most of you reading this are probably familiar with ProcessWire selectors. Such selectors are strings that you use to perform a query in ProcessWire, most often to get a page, find pages, filter them, etc. They are the basis of getting or finding things in ProcessWire, and they can be very convenient and easy to use. But they aren't necessarily ideal in every situation…
When selector strings aren’t ideal
It comes down largely to cases where you are constructing a selector string from user input, or other situations where you may be building a selector string programatically.
You might spend a good deal of code just to sanitize, concatenate and construct the selector string before sending it off to a
$page->children('…'), or the like.
When building a selector string programatically in several steps, you are concatening a string and having to manage your separators (commas) and ensure that your selector values will be interpreted the way you intend.
There's potential for developer-error: forgetting to sanitize a value before bundling into a selector string, which could lead to significant problems, especially when dealing with user input. Think of building SQL queries without bound parameters and unsanitized user input. Though thankfully building selector strings is not nearly that dangerous, but the point is you have to use extra care when building selector strings that involve user input.
Building a selector string with user input (example)
Lets build an example that uses selector strings to find pages containing user-specified terms in the title or body fields of pages using the basic-page or product template, that also match one or more user-specified categories, with the results sorted newest to oldest.
$results = $pages->find( "template=basic-page|product, " . "title|body%=" . $sanitizer->selectorValue($input->get('q')) . ", " . "categories=" . implode('|', $sanitizer->intArray($input->get('categories')) . ", " . "sort=-created" );
While selector strings are most often incredibly handy, the above example is one of those cases where I wish I could just send an array to
$pages->find() … or any other function that accepts a selector string. No doubt, it's still quite concise given what it is accomplishing, but it's still not ideal. Especially when it comes to dealing with user input, constructing a selector string can be more tedious than it needs to be, and need double checking to make sure values are sanitized before going into the string, that everything is comma separated and concatenated correctly, etc. How else might we approach this…
New: selectors as associative arrays
For the reasons above, we've been looking to make ProcessWire support arrays as an alternative to selector strings for quite some time, and ProcessWire 3.0.13 adds this capability. To demonstrate, here's the same selector as above, but using an array instead of a string:
$results = $pages->find([ 'template' => ['basic-page', 'product'], 'title|body%=' => $sanitizer->text($input->get('q')), 'categories' => $sanitizer->intArray($input->get('categories')), 'sort' => '-created' ]);
A few things to note about the above:
Using array syntax, it's no longer necessary to use the
$sanitizer->selectorValue()method to sanitize text that goes into selectors. That makes it simpler and safer when building a selector that involves user input. That's because the separation fields and values is handled at the PHP language level (as an array declaration), rather than as a runtime construction. Of course, you should still sanitize user input, but you no longer need to sanitize a value to be selector-friendly.
Values can be arrays. Note that we are sending arrays for our 'template' and 'categories' items. We don't need to treat or implode() them to a string, like in our example that uses a selector string.
The equals "=" operator is assumed for all of the selector elements, unless you append a different operator to the field name(s), as we did with the
title|body%=, which we're specifying should use the "contains-text" operator
New: selectors as regular arrays
You can also specify selectors using a regular/non-associative array format that opens up a few more options. We'll use the same exact selector as in the previous two examples, but using the regular/non-associative array format.
$results = $pages->find([ ['template', ['basic-page', 'product']], ['title|body', '%=', $input->get('q'), 'text'], ['categories', '=', $input->get('categories'), 'int'], ['sort', '-created'] ]);
The array you specify here has each selector item specified as an array as well, each of those arrays can use any of the following formats:
- [field, value]
- [field, operator, value]
- [field, operator, value, sanitizer]
- [field, operator, value, whitelist]
Consider the above to each be PHP arrays. Here's an explanation of what each part indicates:
The field element can be specified as a single field name, pipe "|" separated field names, or an array of field name(s).
The operator can be any operator. If none is specified, then equals "=" is assumed (which you can do if only specifying a field and value).
The value can be a string, number or array of either.
The sanitizer can be any
$sanitizermethod name that you want the value to pass through before being used in the selector.
When a whitelist (array) is specified for the sanitizer, the selector will throw an Exception if the given value (or values) are not present in the whitelist array.
You can mix and match array formats (associative and non-associative). We've shown you two different array formats you can use above (associative and regular), and you can use both in the same selector if you'd like. Though to reduce confusion, it may be best to stick with one or the other for each selector that you use.
Wrapping up selectors and arrays
Array selectors also support OR-groups and sub-selectors, which we'll cover in more detail soon in the Selectors documentation for ProcessWire 3.x.
While most of us will still be using string selectors most of the time, I think having the option of using selector arrays like this is a genuinely useful addition to ProcessWire, is helpful for security, and I hope that many will find find a place for it in their development workflow.
New Form Builder version released
After months in development, we released new version of Form Builder this week (0.3.0), which is a major upgrade in terms of features. It is available for download now by registered users in the Form Builder support board. Here's what's new:
New embed method D: Custom Embed + Custom Markup
This new embed method essentially exports a copy of the entire form markup to a PHP file that you can edit and modify as you see fit. Form Builder will use your modified version rather than one that it generates at runtime. Like embed method C, the form outputs directly in your page with the rest of your markup (embed methods C and D do not use iframes).
When to use embed method D?
This new embed method is good for people that need 100% control over the form markup. The drawback is that future changes to the form (if needed) have to be manually reflected in the markup, since it's the developer controlling the markup rather than FormBuilder. But many forms rarely need changes after being launched, so this new embed method might be just the right solution for some.
Screenshot of the Embed tab with embed method D instructions open.
New “Basic” Form Builder framework
Form Builder 0.2.5 introduced CSS framework support to the software, enabling Form Builder to output markup native to Bootstrap, Uikit, and Foundation CSS frameworks, as well as the ability to create your own frameworks. It also included the "Admin" framework as an option, which uses the ProcessWire admin framework to output the form.
Form Builder 0.3.0 introduces a new "Basic" framework, which is ideal for sites that aren't using a CSS framework, or are using something other than those mentioned. It outputs simpler markup than the other frameworks, and likewise presents a more minimal form output, and is easier for you to modify or add your own styles to it. All while still supporting all of the Form Builder and ProcessWire features for forms. It's ideal for pairing with the new embed method D as well. This new Basic framework is the new default framework used by Form Builder, and it's the one we'll likely be using the most from now on.
Screenshot of the Preview tab using the Basic framework
Improvements to the field editor
You can now edit fields in Form Builder without leaving the form editor. Field editing now occurs in modal windows, rather than moving your browser from one screen to the next. This results in faster edits, since Form Builder doesn't have to re-load the main form editor every time a change is saved to a field.
We've also spiffed up the field editor quite a bit. It now separates the field editing into two tabs, "Basics" and "Details" (just like the PW field editor). This makes field editing a lot more organized and and simpler.
Screenshot of the field editor
Other Form Builder improvements
We updated the "Preview" tab to always reload the form preview whenever it is clicked. No more needing to reload the entire page just to preview.
The form editor now uses a confirmation dialog window to prevent you from losing changes due to accidental navigation (just like PW's page editor).
The form entries screen has also seen a lot of updates and improvements in this version. In addition to improvements to the entries list, the entry view and edit actions now use modal windows. For those exporting entries to PW pages, there are now separate View and Edit links as well.
We've updated the bundled Uikit framework to the latest version. As soon as Bootstrap reaches stable version 4, we'll also be updating that framework as well.
FormBuilder 0.3.0 also includes months worth of bug fixes and optimizations. Furthermore, there has been a major code refactoring in several areas–pretty much every file has had updates, some major. For those working with Form Builder from the API side, almost everything has been updated with comprehensive phpdoc documentation. While Form Builder was originally coded in 2012, it's now up-to-date for 2016 and fully supports ProcessWire 2.7.x and 3.0.x!
Screenshot of the entry editor
If you are already a registered user of Form Builder with a current support plan, you can download the latest version of Form Builder in the support board download thread (login required). As with any upgrade, please test existing forms thoroughly and note that we are considering this version beta for the next week or so. If you don't have Form Builder but would like to get it, please visit the ProcessWire store.
That's all for this week. Hope you all have a great weekend and remember to read the latest ProcessWire Weekly this weekend!
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Getting closer to the ProcessWire 3.x stable release, version 3.0.14 focuses largely on updates and optimizations specific to recent GitHub issue reports. We also have optimizations and in-depth coverage of PW's file compiler, some new options for required fields, along with a review of some best practices when working with fields. More