$files->render() method

Given a filename, render it as a ProcessWire template file

This is a shortcut to using the TemplateFile class.

File is assumed relative to /site/templates/ (or a directory within there) unless you specify a full path. If you specify a full path, it will accept files in or below any of the following:

  • /site/templates/
  • /site/modules/
  • /wire/modules/

Note this function returns the output to you, so that you can send the output wherever you want (delayed output). For direct output, use the $files->include() function instead.

Usage

// basic usage
$string = $files->render(string $filename);

// usage with all arguments
$string = $files->render(string $filename, array $vars = [], array $options = []);

Arguments

NameType(s)Description
filenamestring

Assumed relative to /site/templates/ unless you provide a full path name with the filename. If you provide a path, it must resolve somewhere in site/templates/, site/modules/ or wire/modules/.

vars (optional)array

Optional associative array of variables to send to template file. Please note that all template files automatically receive all API variables already (you don't have to provide them).

options (optional)array

Associative array of options to modify behavior:

  • defaultPath (string): Path where files are assumed to be when only filename or relative filename is specified (default=/site/templates/)
  • autoExtension (string): Extension to assume when no ext in filename, make blank for no auto assumption (default=php)
  • allowedPaths (array): Array of paths that are allowed (default is templates, core modules and site modules)
  • allowDotDot (bool): Allow use of ".." in paths? (default=false)
  • throwExceptions (bool): Throw exceptions when fatal error occurs? (default=true)
  • cache (int|string|Page): Specify non-zero value to cache rendered result for this many seconds, or see the WireCache::renderFile() method $expire argument for more options you can specify here. (default=0, no cache) Note: this option added in 3.0.130

Return value

string bool

Rendered template file or boolean false on fatal error (and throwExceptions disabled)

Exceptions

Method can throw exceptions on error:

  • WireException - if template file doesn't exist

See Also


$files methods and properties

API reference based on ProcessWire core version 3.0.160

Twitter updates

  • ProcessWire 3.0.161 adds support for selector operator stacking, enabling you automatically broaden searches in a single pages.find() call— More
    26 June 2020
  • ProcessWire 3.0.160 adds powerful new text-searching operators, bringing a new level of power to page-finding API calls, especially when it comes to search engine type queries. Post also includes a demo search engine where you can test it all out live— More
    19 June 2020
  • Preview of ProcessWire 3.0.160 with auto-enable of two-factor authentication, new version of TfaEmail and TfaTotp, and new selector operators coming next week. More
    12 June 2020

Latest news

  • ProcessWire Weekly #320
    In the 320th issue of ProcessWire Weekly we're going to check out the latest core updates (ProcessWire 3.0.161), a new third party module called Fieldtype Runtime only, an IndieWeb themed article from Francesco Schwarz, and more. Read on!
    Weekly.pw / 27 June 2020
  • Powerful new text-searching abilities in 3.0.160
    In ProcessWire 3.0.160 we’ve got some major upgrades and additions to our text-search abilities. This brings a whole new level of power to $pages->find() and similar API calls, especially when it comes to search engine type queries.
    Blog / 19 June 2020
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